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Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park — Eutawville, South Carolina

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Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park

Sitting on the banks of Lake Marion in Eutawville is the site of the last Revolutionary War battle to take place in South Carolina. The battle occurred on September 8, 1781 when General Nathaniel Greene’s American troops attacked a British camp at the limestone springs on Eutaw Creek. The British encampment was led by Colonel Alexander Stewart. Greene and his men had been evading Lord Rawdon after an unsuccessful attempt at seizing Star Fort at Ninety-Six, where Greene and his troops were repelled. The Patriots retreated to Charlotte, North Carolina before heading towards Charleston following the return of Lord Rawdon to England.

Eutaw Springs Sign

Linda Brown of Kingstree, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

General Greene’s force of around 2,000 men set up camp along the Santee River for rest, just a couple of miles from where Colonel Stewart – Lord Rawdon’s successor – bivouacked at Eutaw Springs with 2,000 of his own men, looking for Greene. After learning that Stewart’s troops were garrisoned nearby at Eutaw Springs, Greene and his men headed towards the British encampment around 4:00 a.m. on September 8, 1781, with a scouting party leading the way. The scouts were spotted by a small detachment of Loyalists from Stewart’s camp, who were then led into an ambush by the scouting party. The ambush killed around five of Stewart’s men and led to the capture of 40. By the time Greene’s troops reached Stewart’s camp, they had captured 400 more of Stewart’s men, whom they discovered foraging for yams. Stewart had been warned of Green’s troops by one of his captains, who had escaped the ambush, and the British force was ready for battle when the Patriots arrived.

Eutaw Springs Battlefield

Brandon Coffey of Charleston, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Initially, the Americans were able to drive the British back into their camp. Yet instead of remaining focused on the battle, the Patriots took advantage of their temporary success to invade and loot the British troops’ tents. It was then that the British overtook the Americans and forced them to retreat from Eutaw Springs. Casualties on the American side, including killed, wounded, and missing, numbered over 500. For the British, the loss topped 700. Though the battle is often considered a British victory due to Stewart’s success in driving the Americans from their garrison, others give the advantage to the Americans, as the battle marked the end of British occupation in South Carolina.

Eutaw Springs Battlefield

Brandon Coffey of Charleston, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Following the battle at Eutaw Springs, the British camped at Wantoot Plantation to recover before withdrawing from South Carolina. British officer Major John Majoribanks died during his encampment at the plantation and was buried on site. When the Santee Cooper hydroelectric project began in 1939, flooding the area and many plantations to create Lake Marion and Lake Moultrie, Major Majoribanks’ grave was relocated to the battle ground. Wantoot Plantation is now submerged in Lake Moultrie.

Eutaw Springs Battlefield

Brandon Coffey of Charleston, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Also vanquished after the creation of the lakes were Eutaw Creek and the surrounding limestone springs, which were flooded when Lake Marion was built. Limestone sinks in the area formed the channels that allowed the Eutaw Springs to flow. The abundance of limestone here, which dates to 40 million years ago, makes the area a prolific producer of cement, which uses limestone.

Eutaw Springs Battlefield

Brandon Coffey of Charleston, 2016 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park is listed in the National Register:

On September 8, 1781 General Nathanael Greene with a force of 2098 attacked a British camp of 2300 at Eutaw Springs commanded by Colonel Alexander Stuart. Greene’s goal was to strike a blow against the British forces in South Carolina and prevent them from sending aid to Cornwallis in Virginia. The tree shaded battleground park at the edge of Lake Marion includes a historic marker that tells the story and marks the site of the battle. On the grounds is the tomb of British Commander Major John Majoribanks, noted for outstanding leadership during the battle.

Reflections on Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park

Contributor Linda Brown shares, “On a personal note, I have old newspaper clippings about my grandmother’s family, who lived in nearby Vance, regularly having picnics on the battleground during the early 1900s.”

Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park Info

Address: Old Number Six Highway, Eutawville, SC 29048
GPS Coordinates: 33.407333,-80.298725

Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park Map

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11 Comments about Eutaw Springs Battlefield Park

Jim says:
August 24th, 2017 at 9:50 am

I was really disappointed with how poorly this site has been maintained, especially after visiting Musgrove’s Mill and Ninety Six just a few days before. The grass had not been cut in quite some time (ten to twelve inched long) and the gate was pretty much “frozen” in a slightly open position. I realize that much of the battle site in now under water, but it was still an important battle in the Revolutionary War.

SCIWAY says:
June 17th, 2017 at 6:10 pm

It is a fairly rural area but that section is approaching town so there may be some traffic but that does sound like a great spot to check it out!

Jakke says:
June 16th, 2017 at 5:30 pm

Great! Thank you for the information. The eclipse will happen August 21st after 2pm. I’m guessing there will be a lot of traffic in the area at the time (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_eclipse_of_August_21,_2017).

SCIWAY says:
June 16th, 2017 at 4:41 pm

Hello Jakke, yes the park is open year round. There is always just an open walk gate entrance. The back of the park may be ideal but towards the front is right at the highway and there are some street lights there which may cause some interference.

Jakke says:
June 15th, 2017 at 8:40 pm

I plan to visit the area August 21st, 2017 to observe the total solar eclipse. Planning to visit the park or even observing the eclipse at the park. Is the park open during that time? It seems to me that the park is ideally located for observing the eclipse.

SCIWAY says:
June 9th, 2017 at 11:19 pm

Hello Tom, the battle site is in a rural area so unfortunately there is not a gift shop on site. We are not sure where you are coming from but if you feel like making a trip into the town of Moncks Corner there is a fantastic gift shop located at the Berkeley County Museum. The battleground was originally in Berkeley County before lines were redrawn so you will find books that have information on this site there. If you would like to check it out the museum is located within the Old Santee Canal Park at 950 Stony Landing Road Moncks Corner, SC 29461. Here is our page on it: http://www.sciway.net/sc-photos/berkeley-county/old-santee-canal-park.html

Tom says:
June 9th, 2017 at 8:56 am

Hi, I plan on visiting the battle site. Is there a bookstore or gift shop available?

SCIWAY says:
December 13th, 2012 at 8:23 am

Hi Ashley! Thank you for writing us! Unfortunately, we do not have any books on this battle here at the office. Your best bet would probably be to contact the Orangeburg County Historical Society. Here is there website: http://www.orangeburgh.org/

Ashley says:
December 12th, 2012 at 1:20 pm

I am a teacher in SC and our standards have the Battle of Eutaw Springs. There isn’t any anything in our book about this battle and I was wondering if you had any literature, etc. thanks!

SCIWAY says:
September 22nd, 2010 at 8:53 am

Hi Nancy! SCIWAY doesn’t have access to the roster for the battle, but a good place to continue your search would be our Orangeburg County Genealogy Resources page. Good luck!

Nancy Lewis says:
September 22nd, 2010 at 8:14 am

I’m looking for the roster of soldiers who fought in this battle – especially for my ancestor Cornelius VanOrsdel who fought in this battle


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