South Carolina owes an immeasurable debt to the African slaves and freedmen who worked to build her historic landmarks. It would be impossible to say how many of the landmarks we treasure today were created by their toil. Certainly the vast majority of buildings constructed prior to 1865 owe their existence to the efforts of black people, many of whom were skilled craftsmen. Even those who never held a nail or raised a hammer contributed mightily. These men and women labored in the fields, creating the wealth necessary for white citizens to secure land and materials.