South Carolina Picture Project
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Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church — Troy, South Carolina

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Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church

Lower Long Cane Church Needs Our Help!

Alert: Lower Long Cane needs our help. Please click here to learn more.

South Carolina's Sacred Spaces 

History of Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church

The historic Lower Long Cane Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (also known as Long Cane Church), constructed in 1856, is located in McCormick County, just four miles outside the small town of Troy. The history of this church originates with a congregation of Scots-Irish settlers who arrived in New York from Billibay, Ireland in 1764. They were led by Dr. Thomas Clark, a graduate of Glasgow University and former pupil of Pastor Ebenezer Erskine, for whom Erskine College is named.

Lower Long Cane Church in McCormick SC

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2018 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

When the group arrived in New York, some members split off and headed south, eventually arriving in what was then Abbeville County. The rest stayed and settled in upstate New York. Dr. Clark visited his Southern flock in 1771 and formally organized them as the congregation of Long Cane that same year.

Lower Long Cane Church in Tory, SC

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2013 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Dr. Clark returned to his congregation in New York, but eventually came back to Lower Long Cane in 1786 and stayed until his death in 1791. He also served as pastor of Lower Long Cane Church’s sister congregation, Cedar Springs A.R.P. Church. Dr. Clark ministered to his followers both as pastor and physician, and he is remembered as a beloved and respected leader.

Tory SC - Long Cane Church

Ned Carmody of Troy © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Services in the church’s early days were held under two large oak trees where a large wooden board served as a shelf for the Bible. This tradition came from the days of religious persecution in Scotland when a man could be arrested and his belongings seized if he was caught praying in his home.

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Lower Long Cane Presbyterian was lucky to have two ministers who each served at least 40 years – Dr. H.T. Sloan, who served from 1850 to 1890, and Reverend R.F. Bradley, who took over for Sloan in 1891. Reverend Sloan was responsible for starting other A.R.P. churches in the area after the Civil War, including Troy A.R.P. Church. Continued westward migration ultimately diminished the congregation’s size, but it has been said that the congregation’s descendants ended up in all of the Southern and Western states.

Lower Long Cane

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2018 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Southern movement of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church began in this church and currently has over 40,000 members in over 250 churches. Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church is listed in the National Register:

The Lower Long Cane Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church and Cemetery is associated with early settlement in the colonial and Revolutionary-era South Carolina backcountry and with the nineteenth-century establishment, decline, and revitalization of not only a single congregation, but also of the entire Associate Reformed Presbyterian denomination as a separate sect in the Presbyterian tradition.

Its sanctuary, designed by William Henry Jones of Atlanta and dedicated in 1856, is an outstanding example of the Greek Revival style as applied to the simple meeting house form, while its cemetery of more than 500 graves includes burials of several charter members of Long Cane Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church from the period 1790-1856, when this church was exceptionally significant in the formation, growth, and development of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church as a whole.

The church rests on a foundation of handmade brick piers, with a pierced brick curtain wall added at a later date. The façade features a fully engaged tetrastyle Roman Doric portico with an unadorned entablature and a steeply pitched pediment. Originally covered in wooden shingles, the roof was by ca. 1950 covered with diamond-shaped asbestos shingles. A small brick flue pierces the roof ridge at the center of the building. The interior auditorium is two stories in height with flushboard walls and ceiling. The gallery features a continuously paneled knee wall, ranked wooden floors, and simple handmade pews. 

Lower Long Cane Church Needs Our Help!

While the Lower Long Cane Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church is not in immediate danger, its few remaining members may be unable to continue to care for it as they have in the past. The crumbling column shown below represents one of the many challenges facing historic rural churches in South Carolina.

Lower Long Cane Column

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Lower Long Cane once boasted nearly 300 members. Today, its congregation consists of just eight people, six of whom are shown here. Pictured in purple is the Reverend Michael Horne, pastor. Pictured in a tan jacket is Jeff Grier, the church’s youngest member.

Lower Long Cane Congregation in Troy SC

Bill Fitzpatrick of Taylors, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Bill Fitzpatrick, who serves as a member of the South Carolina Picture Project board, has partnered with Preservation South Carolina to help save endangered churches such as Lower Long Cane. Their beautiful book, South Carolina’s Sacred Spaces, highlights Lower Long Cane and its plight going forward. This generously-sized volume, which features 254 pages of extraordinary images and Bill’s personal accounts of the churches and their histories, is a wonderful way for us, as ordinary citizens, to help save some of our state’s most cherished landmarks. 100% of the proceeds go to a building fund to help maintain and protect these churches. Please treat yourself to a copy today!

South Carolina's Sacred Spaces 

Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church Info

Address: Long Cane Road, Troy, SC 29848
GPS Coordinates: 34.016111,-82.349167

Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church Map

Please Share Your Thoughts!

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3 Comments about Lower Long Cane Presbyterian Church

Albert Burnett says:
January 14th, 2019 at 1:56 pm

MY GREAT-GREAT- Grand parents are buried there—-

Robert S. Davis says:
September 24th, 2014 at 3:53 pm

How far back do the church’s records go? I am researching the famous John Lewis Gervais. His mill and maybe his first home were on the east side of Long Cane Creek, almost in sight of the church. Any thoughts are appreciated.

David Nesbitt says:
January 28th, 2014 at 3:29 pm

Cahans Project, Co Monaghan, Ireland, wants a link with Long Cane Church; 2014 is the 250th anniversary of the 1764 ‘Cahans Exodus’ – see Cahans Project website. Is anyone out there?


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