South Carolina Picture Project
South Carolina Picture Project

Rankin-Harwell House — Mars Bluff, South Carolina

SC Picture Project  |  Florence County  |  Rankin-Harwell House

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Rankin-Harwell House

The Rankin-Harwell House – also known as The Columns – is located in Mars Bluff, a small, unincorporated community in Florence County. Built in 1857, the home was designed in the popular Greek Revival style and is considered to be one of the finest examples of Greek Revival antebellum architecture in South Carolina.

Rankin Harwell House

Michael Mascari of Blythewood, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The original owner, William Rogers Johnson, was a successful physician, planter, and legislator who later served in the South Carolina House of Representatives and the South Carolina Senate. Typical of other plantations in the region, the primary crops grown were cotton and tobacco. Because the house was constructed in 1857, the time that slave labor was used on the property was not as long as many antebellum properties, lasting roughly ten years. While the abolishment of slavery during the Civil War may have ended the legality of enslaved labor, many families remained on properties for decades, still working the properties they knew. Dr. Johnson lived here until his death in 1893 where he was buried at the nearby Hopewell Presbyterian Church.

The Columns Plantation

Carlisle Roberts, Works Progress Administration 1935-1940

The house was acquired by Walter Rankin of Fayetteville, NC in 1902. Rankin did not get to enjoy the home for long before his death two years later but his wife, Jennie Robertson Rankin, continued to live in the home until her death in 1959. When the home was purchased, Mrs. Rankin named it “The Columns” for its massive 22 Doric columns that encircle the home’s porch. Locals dubbed the house “Carolina Hall” for its role in the 1934 film known as Carolina which starred Lionel Barrymore, Janet Gaynor and the new child actress, Shirley Temple.

The Columns Plantation in Mars Bluff

Michael Mascari of Blythewood, 2015 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The Columns was purchased by Rankin descendant, James Harwell, in 1974 who continued to use the property as a farm raising corn, cotton tobacco and cattle. The house is still owned by descendants today and is the site of a popular annual Civil War reenactment. A scenic avenue of pecan trees and lush property make the home a popular destination for weddings and other special events.

The Columns Plantation

Library of Congress, 1940, Prints & Photographs Division, HABS SC,21-MARB.V,1-

The Rankin-Harwell House is listed in the National Register:

Built in 1857, the Rankin-Harwell House is an outstanding example of the Greek Revival, which was fairly prevalent in the antebellum South. The house has 22 giant order Doric columns, strict symmetry, and a painted white façade. The twenty-two freestanding Doric columns are brick covered with stucco and surround the house on three sides. The two-story frame structure rests on a raised basement. The façade has five bays. Two 6/6 double sash windows flank the entrance, which is a double doorway with transom and sidelights. Low-pitched hipped roof covers the house and portico. Two interior brick chimneys are painted white.

William Rogers Johnson, original owner of the house, represented Marion District in both the South Carolina House of Representatives (1852-1856) and in the South Carolina Senate (1860-1864). He participated in the Southern Rights Convention of 1852 and, continuing his political activity in the post-war period, served as a member of the Second Taxpayers Convention. Johnson also practiced the professions of physician and planter; he lived at the house from its construction in 1857 until his death thirty-six years later. Corresponding to the image of the antebellum southern home, the Rankin-Harwell House served as a model for the setting of the 1934 movie “Carolina.”

Rankin-Harwell House Info

Address: 5001 Rankin Plantation Road (Off East Old Marion Highway), Mars Bluff, SC 29506
GPS Coordinates: 34.232224,-79.647450

Rankin-Harwell House Map

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8 Comments about Rankin-Harwell House

Sylvia Webster says:
December 31st, 2017 at 9:50 pm

This house is magnificent. I believe my Gradfather, William “Bill” Watts was a plantation slave overseer here and there was a relationship with Melvin Horace Purvis whose has history with the Column residence. Please advise if there are any records available on ancestry. Thank you.

SCIWAY says:
October 19th, 2017 at 1:08 pm

We would be honored to add some of their story here. Do you have further information by chance?

Pamela Bailey says:
October 19th, 2017 at 8:37 am

My great great grandmother, Priscilla (Prissy) Johnson Grant and other family members were enslaved here. I hope their story will be added to the historical narrative that is shared about this home.

SCIWAY says:
September 5th, 2014 at 8:18 am

Hi, Ashleigh! Check the Facebook site listed above the map. Hopefully, that will lead you to someone connected with the home and who can answer your questions. It is beautiful, indeed! Best of luck!

Ashleigh Stephens says:
September 5th, 2014 at 6:33 am

Need wedding info and prices, please. Your home is beautiful. I am looking for a wedding venue in Oct of 2015.

Deborah Jarrett says:
February 4th, 2014 at 10:43 am

My descendants include the Harvell/Harwell family of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. I have a photograph of my grandmother, Sarah “Sallie” Elizabeth Harvell, born 1883, and I believe she is standing beside the columns in this house. Do you have any ancestral knowledge of Sarah/Sallie? I hope that my family can visit the Rankin-Harwell House this Spring, it is so beautiful!

SCIWAY says:
October 4th, 2011 at 10:28 am

Hi Debra! You can contact Kay Floyd at
843-662-6350 for information on booking tours of the Rankin-Harwell House. Check out their Facebook page for more information:

Hope this helps!

Debra Camp says:
October 3rd, 2011 at 12:15 pm

Do they have tours of the house? I would love to see the house and grounds.


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