South Carolina Picture Project
South Carolina Picture Project

Old Chester County Jail — Chester, South Carolina

SC Picture Project  |  Chester County  |  Old Chester County Jail

Adopt A South Carolina Landmark
Old Chester County Jail

Originally located at 128 Center Street in Chester, this Greek Revival structure was built in 1842 and served as the Chester County jail for a little over half of the nineteenth century. The porch additions were modified in the late 19th and early 20th century. The building served multiple purposes over the years until it was condemned by the late 1980s. A local law firm known as Hamilton, Hamilton & Delleney purchased the building in 1989 and and spent the following two years restoring the building to its former glory. During the restoration process, a signature from a former prisoner dating to 1859 was found in a doorway. The firm opened its location here in 1991 and still occupy the building today as Hamilton Delleney Grier & Cotten, LLC.

First Chester County Jail

Trace Walters of Rock Hill, 2018 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

The building seen below, along McAliley Street, was constructed in 1914 and served as the expanded jail for a large chunk of the twentieth century. In 1981 the building was converted by the Chester County Historical Society into a museum reflecting the county’s cultural history. The museum had operated previously from the basement of the county courthouse, which sits directly in front of the old jail.

Chester County Jail

Trace Walters of Rock Hill, 2018 © Do Not Use Without Written Consent

Both of the Chester County jail buildings are listed in the National Register as part of the Chester Historic District:

The focal point of the Chester Historic District is The Hill, a triangular-shaped plaza on an eminence at the center of the city, around which the original settlement grew, and which now includes the city hall and a relatively well-preserved collection of late nineteenth and early twentieth century commercial buildings. The district now also includes the remainder of the central business area, containing the county courthouse and the federal building, as well as most of the older residential areas of the city and the early churches that are within them. Of the 475 properties in the district, 324 are considered to contribute to its historical character. The city of Chester was formed in the late eighteenth century as Chesterville. However, most of the properties included in the district reflect the city’s history through the second half of the nineteenth and in the early twentieth centuries. As a result, the buildings display a wide variety of architectural styles reflective of stylistic trends during that time span, including Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Victorian, Romanesque Revival, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, and Bungalow. In addition, the district reflects the city’s role as a commercial center for the surrounding county, and as its political and governmental hub. Listed in the National Register June 13, 1972; Boundary increase March 15, 1988.

Old Chester County Jail Info

Address: 107 McAliley Street, Chester, SC 29706
GPS Coordinates: 34.706290,-81.214280

Old Chester County Jail Map

Please Share Your Thoughts!

Did you enjoy this page? Do you have any information we should add? Send us your comments below — we can't wait to hear from you!


Join Us on Facebook
Search for Landmarks


Abbeville ACE Basin Adams Run Aiken Allendale Anderson Awendaw Bamberg Banks Barns & Farms Barnwell Batesburg-Leesville Beaches Beaufort Beech Island Belton Bennettsville Bishopville Blackville Bluffton Bridges Bygone Landmarks Camden Carnegie Libraries Cayce Cemeteries Charleston Charleston Navy Base Cheraw Chester Chesterfield Churches Clemson Clinton Clio Colleges Columbia Conway Cordesville Courthouses Darlington Daufuskie Island Denmark Dillon Donalds Easley Edgefield Edisto Elloree Erhardt Fairfax Florence Folly Beach Forests and Nature Preserves Fort Mill Fountain Inn Gaffney Garden City Beach Georgetown Glenn Springs Graniteville Greeleyville Greenville Greenwood Greer Hamburg Hampton Hardeeville Hartsville Hemingway Hilton Head Historical Photos Historic Houses Honea Path Hopkins Hotels & Inns Huger Hunting Island Isle of Palms Jails James Island Jamestown Johns Island Johnsonville Johnston Kiawah Island Kingstree Lake City Lake Marion Lakes Lancaster Landrum Latta Laurens Lexington Libraries Lighthouses Little River Lowndesville Manning Marion McClellanville McCormick Military Mills Moncks Corner Mountains Mount Carmel Mount Pleasant Mullins Murrells Inlet Myrtle Beach National Register Newberry Ninety Six North Augusta North Charleston North Myrtle Beach Orangeburg Pacolet Parks Pawleys Island Pendleton Pickens Piers Pinopolis Plantations Pomaria Port Royal Post Offices Ravenel Restaurants Ridge Spring Ridgeway Rivers Roadside Oddities Robert Mills Rock Hill Rockville Rosenwald Schools Salters Saluda Savannah River Site SC Artists SC Heroes of the Alamo Schools Seneca Shrimp Boats Society Hill Spartanburg Sports Springs St. George St. Helena Island St. Matthews Stateburg Stores Sullivan's Island Summerton Summerville Sumter Sunset Sunsets Synagogues Town Clocks Trains & Depots Trees Trenton Troy Turbeville Ulmer Union Wadmalaw Island Walhalla Walterboro Ware Shoals Waterfalls Water Towers Wedgefield West Columbia Westminster Winnsboro Woodruff Yemassee York