Shortly after the resort village of Rockville was established in 1824, area planters began building homes overlooking Bohicket Creek to escape the heat and mosquitoes of plantation life during the summer. This home was built in 1853 for Edward D. Bailey. Considered the finest home in the village architecturally, features of the Edward D. Bailey House include first-floor veranda with six Tuscan columns.
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The Edward D. Bailey House is listed in the National Register as part of the Rockville Historic District:
Rockville, one of Charleston County’s oldest surviving summer resorts (ca. 1824), is important architecturally, agriculturally, militarily and in the areas of transportation and recreation. This summer community’s serene, slow-moving, lifestyle is reflected in its architecture and landscape. Although houses vary in size and degree of architectural importance, nearly all have spacious porches, raised foundations, and large central hallways designed for summer comfort and relaxation. The buildings within Rockville’s Historic District have obvious visual unity. All are well ventilated to take full advantage of sea breezes. Several houses appear to have been year-round residences with architecture adapted for cold weather but still well-ventilated for summer use. The district also includes two churches. Live oaks draped with Spanish moss and palmettos dominate the landscape and add to the quaint atmosphere of the community.